This open access book explores how biometric data is increasingly flowing across borders in order to limit, control and contain the mobility of selected people, namely criminalized populations. It introduces the concept of bio-bordering, using it to capture reverse patterns of bordering and ordering practices linked to transnational biometric data exchange regimes. The concept is useful to reconstruct how the territorial foundations of national state autonomy are partially reclaimed and, at the same time, partially purposefully suspended. The book focuses on the Prüm system, which facilitates the mandatory exchange of forensic DNA data amongst EU Member States. The Prüm system is an underexplored phenomenon, representing diverse instances of bio-bordering and providing a complex picture of the hidden (dis)integration of Europe. Particular legal, scientific, technical and political dimensions related to the governance and uses of biometric technologies in Germany, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal and the United Kingdom are specifically explored to demonstrate both similar and distinct patterns.
The United States of America is perhaps the only country in the world which places its citizens into an ethnic classification by hyphenating them. Think African-American, Spanish-American or Japanese-American and you get the picture. We have allowed ourselves to be classified in this way, like it's something that is important. Hyphened-Nation was inspired by the author's travels overseas. In particular, her time living in the United Kingdom opened her eyes to the huge differences in American and European culture. Being treated as simply a pure American, rather than as a hyphenated one, led her to an epiphany, to write this illuminating book on the subject and to ask the question; why does the United States hyphenate its citizens by ethnicity before nationality? With a critical analysis of how this hyphenation serves to limit economic, educational, societal, and cultural growth, the book also examines how to overcome this way of thinking and build bridges for the future. 1. Language: English. Narrator: LaQuita James. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/071385/bk_acx0_071385_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
Why are banking systems unstable in so many countries--but not in others? The United States has had twelve systemic banking crises since 1840, while Canada has had none. The banking systems of Mexico and Brazil have not only been crisis prone but have provided miniscule amounts of credit to business enterprises and households. Analyzing the political and banking history of the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada, Mexico, and Brazil through several centuries, Fragile by Design demonstrates that chronic banking crises and scarce credit are not accidents due to unforeseen circumstances. Rather, these fluctuations result from the complex bargains made between politicians, bankers, bank shareholders, depositors, debtors, and taxpayers. The well-being of banking systems depends on the abilities of political institutions to balance and limit how coalitions of these various groups influence government regulations. Fragile by Design is a revealing exploration of the ways that politics inevitably intrudes into bank regulation. Charles Calomiris and Stephen Haber combine political history and economics to examine how coalitions of politicians, bankers, and other interest groups form, why some endure while others are undermined, and how they generate policies that determine who gets to be a banker, who has access to credit, and who pays for bank bailouts and rescues. PLEASE NOTE: When you purchase this title, the accompanying reference material will be available in your My Library section along with the audio. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Basil Sands. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/adbl/018232/bk_adbl_018232_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
Perhaps the most sensitive area in International Economics today is Foreign Direct Investment (FDI). The developed countries like United States America (USA) United Kingdom (UK), etc. try to restrain FDI by companies domiciled within their borders, in order to limit the pressure on their Balance of Payments (BOP). Other countries like Canada and Japan seek to limit Foreign Investment within their borders lest their control over domestic resources should be diluted by foreign ownership. Developing countries worry both that the foreigners will invest in them and that they won't. They fear exploitation on one hand and inadequate access to foreign capital and technology on the other. Prohibitions and restrictions are laid down against investment in certain lines of activity which are regarded as peculiarly vulnerable to foreign influence and as particularly wasteful. Hence each developing country insists on the foreign investor for honoring certain conditions like local content requirements, export requirements, trade balance requirements, local equity requirements, limitations on remittance of profits and barriers to entry in certain sectors. These restrictions are justified on the gr
High Quality Content by WIKIPEDIA articles! High Quality Content by WIKIPEDIA articles! Indefinite leave to remain (ILR) is an immigration status granted to a person who does not hold right of abode in the United Kingdom (UK), but who has been admitted to the UK without any time limit on his or her stay and who is free to take up employment or study, without restriction. When indefinite leave is granted to persons outside the United Kingdom it is known as indefinite leave to enter (ILE). A person who has indefinite leave to remain, right of abode, or is an Irish citizen, has settled status if resident in the United Kingdom (as do British citizens living in the UK).
High Quality Content by WIKIPEDIA articles! Road speed limit enforcement in the United Kingdom is the action taken by appropriately empowered authorities to check that road vehicles are complying with the UK speed limit in force on roads and highways. Methods used include roadside speed traps set up and operated by the police and automated roadside speed camera systems which may incorporate the use of an automatic number plate recognition system. Traditionally the police would have used stopwatches to measure the time taken for a vehicle to cover a known distance, but latterly they have speed guns and automated in-vehicle systems at their disposal.
High Quality Content by WIKIPEDIA articles! A road speed limit is the maximum speed allowed by law for road vehicles. Speed limits are commonly set and enforced by the legislative bodies of nations or provincial governments. The first maximum speed limit was the 10 mph (16 km/h) limit introduced in the United Kingdom in 1861. The Isle of Man and Germany, where over 50% of the autobahn system remains free from speed limits, are the only places in the world that do not have a general speed limit. Currently, the highest posted speed limit in the world is 140 kilometres per hour (87 mph) on Polish motorways, although a variable speed limit up to 160 kilometres per hour (99 mph) was permitted experimentally on a stretch of Austrian motorway in June 2006.
High Quality Content by WIKIPEDIA articles! Northumbria or Northhumbria was a medieval kingdom of the Angles, in what is now north-east England and southern Scotland, becoming subsequently an earldom in a united Anglo-Saxon kingdom of England. The name reflects the approximate southern limit to the kingdom's territory: the Humber Estuary. Northumbria was formed in central Great Britain in Anglo-Saxon times. At the beginning of the 7th century the two kingdoms of Bernicia and Deira were unified.
We spend most of our lives calculating how to avoid, mitigate or limit our exposure to risks. It is not entirely different in the Oil and Gas Industry. The industry is inherently exposed to different genus of risks as exemplified by numerous accidents, oil spills, blow-outs, natural calamities among others. This book examines different modes deployed by the oil and gas industry especially in United States Continental Shelf and United Kingdom Continental shelf to manage and transfer these risks. The book examines the different contractual mechanisms used to allocate risks and how such mechanisms operate. With in-depth analysis, Patson compares the application of such risk allocation mechanisms in two leading jurisdictions of US and UK and how their Courts have interpreted them over the years. This book is of great value to the understanding of contractual risk management in the oil and gas industry.